Virtual Currency Types, Pros & Cons, Important Terms

A virtual currency is a digital representation of value that is only available in electronic form. It is stored and managed with the help of a specialized computer, mobile, or software applications. Virtual currency exchanges occur via the Internet or secure, dedicated networks. They are frequently supplied unlicensed by private people or groups of developers.

Virtual Currency

Digital currency includes virtual currencies. They have no physical existence, unlike paper money, and are exclusively intended for usage online. They are issued by private parties, such as a group of developers or organizations. They differ from central bank digital currency, also known as digital representations of currency, issued by central banks, as a result.

  • Digital representations of value known as virtual currencies are traded across online networks or the internet.
  • Digital currencies are not all virtual currencies, though, and vice versa.
  • Virtual currencies are typically unregulated and are issued by private companies or groups of developers.
  • Virtual currencies speed up transactions by cutting out middlemen, but they are also vulnerable to cyberattacks and online fraud.

Virtual money examples include XRP, Litecoin, and Bitcoin. Digital currency is a form of money that is stored in software, applications, and networks and used for transactions.

Virtual Currency Important Terms

Digital Currency

  • All digital financial assets are referred to as “digital currency,” which is a broad word. Virtual currency is a subset of digital currency, while cryptocurrency is a subset of virtual currency.
  • There are two kinds of digital currencies: regulated and unregulated. A country’s central bank creates regulated digital currencies that can be tied to national currencies. Thus, the regulated form of digital currency is governed by a country’s monetary policy.

Virtual Currency

  • Virtual currency is a type of unregulated digital currency. Instead of a central bank, it is issued and managed by a private issuer. As a result, it is unaffected by monetary policies.
  • Virtual currencies are classified into two types: centralized and decentralized. Some virtual currencies use cryptography, while others do not.


  • Cryptocurrency is a phrase that refers to a type of virtual currency that uses encryption to secure and confirm financial transactions. Cryptocurrencies rely on blockchain networks. As a result, cryptocurrency is a decentralized digital currency.

Virtual Currency Evolution

The creation of VC was sparked by improvements in network technology and cryptography. In contrast to actual currency, which is issued and managed by governments, it is designed by private organizations.

  • David Chaum first suggests a sort of digital value transfer in his 1983 paper Blind Signatures for Untraceable Payments.
  • The Cypherpunk movement was founded in the late 1980s by like-minded individuals who began to combine their ideas.
  • Launch of DigiCash in 1989
  • 1992 saw Eric Hughes’ creation of “A Cypherpunk Manifesto.”
  • Igor Chudov and Jim Choate founded the Cypherpunks Distributed Remailer in 1997.
  • B-money, an “anonymous, distributed electronic cash system,” was introduced in 1997.
  • Adam Black first proposed Hashcash in 1997.
  • 1998 — Digicash files for bankruptcy after failing to increase its user base.
  • Hashcash is a notion that Adam Black first introduced in his 2002 paper, “Hashcash — A Denial of Service Counter-Measure.”
  • August 18, 2008 — The Bitcoin website was set up.
  • Satoshi Nakamoto released the paper “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” on October 31, 2008, to a mailing group for cryptography.
  • On January 3, 2009, the sentence “The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on edge of the second rescue for banks” was included in the mined Bitcoin genesis block, which was the first block ever created.
  • 22 May 2010 — One of the first recorded transactions had Laszlo Hanyecz agreeing to pay 10,000 Bitcoins for two Papa John’s pizzas.
  • 2011 — Using the open-source code of Bitcoin, other cryptocurrencies started to appear.

Virtual Currency Types

There are two main categories of virtual currencies, centralized and decentralized, depending on their legal status.


A central administrator or repository oversees centralized virtual currencies. Usually, the virtual currency issuer acts as the currency’s central administrator. The function is comparable to that of a central bank in a controlled monetary system. Centralized virtual currencies include XRP.


A decentralized currency, on the other hand, lacks a central administrator or repository that is controlled by a third party. The transactions of a decentralized virtual currency will be authenticated by a distributed system instead.

Blockchain networks like those used by Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Ethereum are the foundation of many decentralized currencies. A blockchain network combines encryption with a collection of data known as blocks. Requests for transactions are disseminated throughout the network of numerous computers as they are made (nodes).

A permanent and unchangeable block containing the transaction data is added to the current blockchain when the transaction has been validated by the network. The transaction is finished, and it is recorded as such.

The decentralized peer-to-peer network avoids a central administrator, and hence avoids a centralized security failure, in comparison to a centralized virtual currency system. Decentralization also promotes cheaper transaction costs and more party transparency because there are no middlemen involved.

Regulator worries arise due to the lack of central authority. The decentralized system is advantageous for money laundering and other illegal activities.

Pros and Cons of Virtual Currency


  • Virtual currencies are made to almost immediately complete transactions. To make sure the money gets to where it’s going, there’s no need to wait for a clearing house or cross-border remittance provider.
  • Virtual currency transactions can be free, saving both businesses and customers money. Utilizing cryptocurrencies to send money internationally is frequently less expensive than using conventional methods.
  • Unlike most central bank-backed cash, which must be produced in physical form, virtual currency is entirely electronic, therefore there is no expense associated with doing so.
  • Businesses can enhance their cash flow by selling their virtual money without having to exchange any physical goods or services.
  • ‘With the use of cryptocurrencies, two parties can interact with each other directly without the need for a bank or other third party to function as a middleman. It might be preferable in some circumstances.


  • As virtual currencies become more widespread, hackers can locate huge sums of money kept on computers. It could be difficult to recover virtual currency once a hacker has obtained it.
  • Unprotected and unregulated Virtual currency isn’t governed by laws, so customers have few options if transactions go wrong. As a result, scammers thrive in the world of virtual currencies.
  • Even while virtual currency transaction costs are frequently very low, certain virtual currencies have additional costs. For instance, the energy used by the Bitcoin network is enormous. There can be custody fees if you maintain your cryptocurrency on an exchange.
  • Since virtual currency can only be exchanged electronically, a paper trail of all transactions is always left behind. Even with cryptocurrency, which is anonymous but yet traceable, that is still true. Transactions that are really anonymous and untraceable can be made using paper money.
  • Virtual money doesn’t always maintain a stable value relative to your preferred fiat money. It is well known that cryptocurrency is incredibly volatile.

The development of virtual currency is ongoing. Blockchain technology has the potential to power many more commercial and financial applications than just cryptocurrency.

To encourage stronger consumer loyalty, businesses may use more virtual currencies, and central banks are looking into the possibility of cashless virtual currencies. Consumers should start to trust virtual currency more as time goes on, which will lead to larger uses.

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